Health is the term used to describe an individual’s capacity for dealing with physical, mental and social difficulties. This concept is complex as it encompasses genetic make-up, lifestyle choices and environment.
Healthy individuals can take advantage of a wide range of activities and experiences. For instance, they may be able to engage in regular exercise, consume a balanced diet, and get enough rest each night. Furthermore, those who maintain good health manage stress levels better and prevent diseases.
People who are healthy not only feel physically fit, but they may live longer as their bodies and organs are running at peak performance.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as ‘a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing’. This complex concept underscores why it is so important to address health determinants in order to enhance an individual’s overall quality of life.
Social determinants of health refer to those conditions in which an individual lives, learns, works, plays and worships that influence their health, functioning and quality-of-life outcomes. These can include factors like access to nutritious food and housing; clean water sources; transportation options; sanitation services; as well as access to high quality healthcare services.
These determinants are vital because they can contribute to the onset of diseases and decrease life expectancies for populations. Furthermore, they play a role in determining health disparities and inequities between and among different groups of people.
It is imperative that individuals, communities and countries recognize these factors and collaborate to improve their health outcomes. This can be accomplished through education and policymaking, research, training programs and practice.
Public health is the practice of safeguarding human health and preventing disease, injury and disability. It encompasses a broad range of activities designed to safeguard individuals and their environments from harm, such as research into disease prevention strategies, detection techniques for infectious diseases, response tactics for these incidents and treatment options.
Public health’s main role is to identify and address the causes of health problems, focusing on their underlying determinants. It also strives to guarantee that everyone has access to necessary services without discrimination or exclusion.
Public health practitioners employ various strategies to encourage healthier habits and enhance disease management capabilities. They accomplish this through community/workplace wellness programs, school health initiatives, emergency management efforts and research initiatives.
The right to health is one of the core human rights standards and cannot be separated from other aspects of wellbeing such as food, housing, work, information and participation. States have a responsibility to safeguard this right by ensuring everyone has access to the highest attainable standard of healthcare at an affordable cost, in a timely manner that meets individual needs; furthermore they must enable people to reach their full potentials.